Supply-chain security policy
The supply-chain security policy has been intensively developing for the last decade. International and regional initiatives took place that further progress and deepen the foundations of this policy. The SKEMA Policy study intends to make an overview of the EU, US and international regulations in the sea transportation area.
Global companies and suppliers need a secure chain to protect their assets and profitability. Any business that imports or exports products, finished goods or components, by sea or air, has to follow certain requirements. These rules vary in accordance with the transport mode. In air transportation, the focus is extensively on air cargo security while in the sea transportation, the focus is primarily on port and container traffic security.
In this respect, this Policy Study presents programmes, initiatives, recent actions and regulations, explains and discusses them through the paper. As it will be noticed there is a great deal of rules under differing authorities. One major achievement in recent years is the attempt of all authorities to harmonise and standardise them. The American, European and international regulators work together through different initiatives. For instance, the US and EU policy makers share a common approach to the security of the supply-chain and demand implementation of mutual recognition of the relevant US C-TPAT and EU AEO programmes.
Moreover, the Transatlantic Economic Council has identified potential areas for possible actions between the US and EU authorities. A joint statement issued in 2011 focused on the following customs and transport actions: (1) the reciprocal benefits of the EU AEOs and the US C-TPAT members will be expected to begin from July 2012; (2) joint efforts to revise the WCO's SAFE Framework of Standards; (3) mutual recognition of seaports, airports and customs measures and controls; (4) support the IMO efforts to help in the implementation of the ISPS Code; (5) sharing information and joint seaport and airport assessments.
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